Writing the methodology

You need to not only show that you're capable of detaching yourself from your own creative work and viewing it through an objective lens, but that you are able to see your own creative practice as methodology — as a method of creating work that is grounded in theory and research and that can be evaluated against clear target goals.

Methodology example dissertation

How to approach for a research methodology? You might want to include the full questionnaire as an appendix so that your reader can see exactly what data was collected. If you are analyzing existing data, such as a data set or archival documents, describe how it was originally created or gathered and by whom. Typically, it includes inductive and deductive approaches. In summary… Your methodology is a vital section of your dissertation, which both demonstrates your ability to synthesise the range of information you've read in your field, and your capacity to design original research that draws from the traditions and precedents of your discipline to answer your research question s. The reader wants to know that the data was collected or generated in a way that is consistent with accepted practice in the field of study. Very long, detailed lists of equipment or excessive procedural detail Your methodology section should equip a reader to reproduce your research, but it should also be a readable chapter of your dissertation and should retain the interest of somebody who doesn't necessarily want to reproduce your experiment from start to finish.

Interviews were conducted in a small office next to the cash register, and lasted approximately 20 minutes each. You've come to the right place.

example of methodology in research paper

Although some scholars may well cite your conclusions as a basis for their own work, a far greater number of citations is likely to result regardless of discipline from your development of a framework that other scholars can use as a point of departure for their own work.

You might even find yourself moving material back and forth between sections during edits.

Example of methodology section of research paper

Chinese Department, University of Leiden, Netherlands. How did you collect and select them? Common types of dissertation methodology A scientific study The methodology section for a scientific study needs to emphasise rigour and reproducibility above all else. Your literature review and methodology will therefore develop in tandem with each other. How was the data originally produced? You should take care with the rhetorical presentation of your dissertation methodology to ensure its merits — and those of your results and conclusions — are presented in the best possible light. The interpretative group of methods is focused on understanding phenomenon in a comprehensive, holistic way. And when presenting your dissertation, don't forget to emphasise the value of the methodological framework you develop, if it is indeed adaptable to other related contexts. Methodology is crucial for any branch of scholarship because an unreliable method produces unreliable results and, as a consequence, undermines the value of your interpretations of the findings. Show how you minimized the impact of any unexpected obstacles. Signposting Flagging what each section of an argument is doing is vital throughout the dissertation, but nowhere more so than in the methodology section. Descriptions of methods usually include defining them and stating why you have chosen specific techniques to investigate a research problem, followed by an outline of the procedures you used to systematically select, gather, and process the data [remember to always save the interpretation of data for the discussion section of your paper]. Research Philosophy: The research philosophy determines the way a specific set of data has been collected, inferred and utilized for a research work.

Also, the better the description of the method, the better your methodology section will be. Step 4: Evaluate and justify your methodological choices Your methodology should make the case for why you chose these particular methods, especially if you did not take the most standard approach to your topic.

You'll refine these ideas in conversation with your supervisor and develop them further as you read about the previous work that has been done in your field, and other scholars' approach to your subject area.

how to write a good research methodology chapter

The ability to synthesise what you've learned from scholars in your discipline, and to shape that into a methodology that you can use to shed light on your research question, is, therefore, key to a successful undergraduate dissertation.

Both are a source of headache, as is the popular opinion of college students. See also our section on Research Methods for some further ideas.

masters dissertation methodology example

You might want to include the full questionnaire as an appendix so that your reader can see exactly what data was collected. Participants were given 5 minutes to fill in the survey anonymously, and customers responded.

Writing the methodology

Were there any ethical or philosophical considerations? Questionnaires can be used to collect both quantitative and qualitative data, although you will not be able to get the level of detail in qualitative responses to a questionnaire that you could in an interview. The remainder of your methodology section should describe the following: Decisions made in selecting the data you have analyzed or, in the case of qualitative research, the subjects and research setting you have examined, Tools and methods used to identify and collect information, and how you identified relevant variables, The ways in which you processed the data and the procedures you used to analyze that data, and The specific research tools or strategies that you utilized to study the underlying hypothesis and research questions. For example, if you are using a multiple choice questionnaire, readers need to know that it offered your respondents a reasonable range of answers to choose from. In a cross-sectional study, the data represents a phenomenon that takes place in a single point in a timeline. Documentary analysis is the main way that historians obtain data about their research subjects, but it can also be a valuable tool for contemporary social scientists. In addition to answering all these questions, you must satisfy your reader that you have considered all the ethical questions associated with your research. Or will you avoid doing your own research with human subjects at all, and base your research on documentary evidence or a pre-existing data set? There are a number of potential ethical concerns that can arise with an observation study. Problems to Avoid Irrelevant Detail The methodology section of your paper should be thorough but to the point. Outline the tools, procedures and materials you used to gather data, and the criteria you used to select participants or sources. Qualitative methods Describe where, when and how the interviews were conducted. What tools or technologies did you use in the experiment? On the other hand, defining your own set of success criteria and help within reason helps to ensure that your readers evaluate your work on these terms. While the outline of your methodology section will look much the same regardless of your discipline, the details are liable to be quite different depending on the subject area in which you're studying.

Your methodology section appears immediately after the literature review in your dissertation, and should flow organically from it. See our page: Observational Research and Secondary Data for more information.

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How to Write Research Methodology for Academic Papers