Role of police in modern india

role of police in criminal justice system

Because some of these new laws may not have the same moral significance as older laws criminalizing violence, theft, or fraudpeople may feel less of an obligation to obey them. However, police scholars have criticized this popular understanding of the word police—that it refers to members of a public organization having the legal competence to maintain order and enforce the law—for two reasons.

Policing has therefore become a complex undertaking that straddles the traditional institutional and jurisdictional distinctions between public and private, criminal and political.

History of police system in india

Further, the central forces assist the defence forces with border protection. Second, the variety of situations in which police are asked to intervene is much greater than law enforcement and order maintenance. For instance, a state will comprise of two or more zones, each zone will comprise two or more ranges, and ranges will be sub-divided into the other field units in a similar manner. They have believed that local communities could not hold a national police force accountable for abuses of power, and they have feared that the national government could use such a police force to keep itself in power illegitimately. If police use those powers improperly, they can abuse the civil rights of the very citizens they are supposed to protect. The forces that order life in a small community thus make the task of the police much easier. Reforms and major concerns[ edit ] India's police continue to be governed by a colonial police law passed in As populations grew and informal institutions of socialization and social control—such as the family, schools, and the church—decreased in effectiveness, police became increasingly necessary. Such communities tend also to be more technologically advanced, which leads to the adoption of new laws, such as those regulating the licensing and operation of automobiles and those concerned with commerce conducted on the Internet see e-commerce. It was headed by Soli Sorabjee former Attorney General. The order was passed when Prakash Singh through his lawyer Prashant Bhushan said that many of the reforms ordered by the Supreme Court have yet not been implemented by many state governments. Crime rate for various kinds of crimes under the Indian Penal Code, and some special laws per lakh population Note: Crime rate for crimes against women e. When these strategies are followed the community becomes an additional mechanism of control of services provided by the police. Since the territory to cover may be very large and characterized by difficult terrain, police in such regions must have the long-range mobility and adaptability that are characteristic of military forces.

Repeated major incidents, latest of them being Delhi gang rape revealed failure of police to uphold the rule of law. The centre is responsible for policing in the seven union territories.

What is the role of police in today?s society essay

Further, they need to have the operational freedom to carry out their responsibilities professionally, and satisfactory working conditions e. Furthermore, security and intelligence agencies that generally operate undercover have played an increasingly important role in combating terrorism , especially since the September 11 attacks in the United States in The teaching helps the officers to recognize the strength of a danger thus find ways of overcoming them. The civil police is responsible for day-to-day law and order and crime control. The forces that order life in a small community thus make the task of the police much easier. To ensure that such power is only used for legitimate purposes, various countries have adopted safeguards such as making police accountable to the political executive and creating independent oversight authorities. Policing has therefore become a complex undertaking that straddles the traditional institutional and jurisdictional distinctions between public and private, criminal and political. Population plays an important role as well; policing rural areas and villages vastly differs from policing large cities. History also helps to explain this diversity; e. For instance, if criminals use firearms, the police are likely to be armed, or if criminals use computers to commit crimes, the police may establish a special unit dedicated to investigating cybercrimes. The Supreme Court directed the government to set up a committee to review the Commission's recommendations, and thus the Ribeiro Committee was formed. Thakker and Justice P. However, no uniform worldwide system of policing ever emerged.

Ribeiroa former chief of police, sat over andand produced two reports. Police and society There is a remarkable historical, geographic, and organizational diversity in the activities of people who are, or have been, defined as police.

role of police in society essay pdf

Many committees on police reforms have recommended major reforms in the police system coupled with systematic accountability.

In some democratic countries, particularly the United States and, to a lesser extent, Great Britain, citizens have traditionally believed that the existence of a national police force would concentrate too much power in the hands of its directors.

When these strategies are followed the community becomes an additional mechanism of control of services provided by the police. Armed police is kept in reserve, till additional support is required in situations like riots.

Function of police station

Police and society There is a remarkable historical, geographic, and organizational diversity in the activities of people who are, or have been, defined as police. Because some of these new laws may not have the same moral significance as older laws criminalizing violence, theft, or fraud , people may feel less of an obligation to obey them. However, a decentralized police apparatus tends to hinder the flow of intelligence between the various components of the system. Malimath The Malimath Committee Report submitted in March has very articulately laid down the foundation of a restructured and reoriented police system. Holding police accountable Police has the power to investigate crimes, enforce laws and maintain law and order in a state. Such situations are characterized by two features: their potential for harm and the need to solve them urgently before they develop that potential. They have believed that local communities could not hold a national police force accountable for abuses of power, and they have feared that the national government could use such a police force to keep itself in power illegitimately. The need for police accountability is made evident by the great power that police forces wield over the lives, liberties, safety, and rights of citizens. The great exceptions to this model are the United Kingdom and the United States, which have long resisted police centralization. Tamil Nadu Police has been in the forefront of application of the new referendum. Civil police forces broadly adhere to the hierarchical structure shown in Figure 2. The police officers are also introduced to.
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Police Reforms in India